8 September 2023

At the Cuvier school in Toulouse, on the first day of school, September 1, 2022.

Never in the last twenty years have public secondary school teachers worked so many overtime hours. In 2022, some 388,000 teachers ensured 594,702 overtime hours called “annualized” (HSA), these hours of lessons done each week for the duration of the school year in addition to weekly service obligations (18 hours for certified , 15 for aggregates), according to the analysis of the 2022 budget execution of the Court of Auditors, published on April 13.

This is almost 13% more than in 2018, and 30% more than in 2002, when HSA volume peaked at around 450,000 hours. The significant increase over the last four years, explains the institution, is “linked to the implementation (in 2019) of the non-rejectable HSA second measurement” by the teachers, if necessary in an establishment. The increase in the number of HSAs between 2018 and 2022 is equivalent to the weekly working time of 3,779 full-time certified teachers, the Court also points out.

The use of overtime had already increased sharply (+ 21.5%) during Nicolas Sarkozy’s five-year term. The policy of not replacing one civil servant out of two retiring then accelerated the drop in the number of teachers initiated in 2002 and resulted in the elimination of several tens of thousands of posts, in proportion well above the slight drop of the number of students.

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In 2015, a study by the Department of Evaluation, Forecasting and Performance noted that “to limit the deterioration of teaching conditions”the loss of 61,000 jobs between 2002 and 2012 had been “partially transferred to the teachers in place, asked to do more HSA”. Their volume (513,000 hours in 2011-2012), however, remained well below that reached in 2022, as did the share of overtime in the teaching service.

Other more punctual overtime hours

According to data made available by the Ministry of National Education, secondary school teachers performed an average of 1.03 HSA per week in 2004, 1.46 in 2012, at the end of Nicolas Sarkozy’s five-year term, and 1.66 in 2021. On this date, nearly 80% of teachers provided at least one HSA per week, and 45% at least two. The number of hours worked varies significantly between associate professors and the others, but no body and no discipline escapes the trend. The average remuneration of an HSA varies, it, from 1,983 euros per year for an aggregated to 1,257 euros for the certified.

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