These are the latest indicators that national education has adopted to assess the French education system: the “IVAC”, for “indicators of added value of colleges”. Published for the first time on Wednesday March 29, these tools are modeled on their equivalents for high school, the high school added value indicators (IVAL), calculated since 1993. They have the same ambition “to appreciate the way in which establishments support their students towards success”, according to the evaluation, forecasting and performance department (DEPP). In other words, try to introduce nuance behind the sole gross pass rate at the college patent.
The latter is indeed only a facade when we know the considerable weight of social origin or school level at the entrance to college. “The gross rates do not make it possible to differentiate what is due to the action of the college and what is due to external factors”summarizes Fabienne Rosenwald, director of the DEPP.
For example, in 2022, college students from the most privileged social backgrounds achieved an average of around 12.5 in the written tests for the national patent diploma, when the most disadvantaged did not exceed 8.5. Those who had obtained the best scores in the entrance assessments in 6e approached 14 on average, when the most fragile in the same tests are barely above 7 in the patent.
However, not all student profiles are distributed equitably in all establishments. At the start of the 2021 school year, nearly three quarters of 6th graderse in the reinforced priority education network (REP+) had working-class or inactive parents, compared to 38% in public education excluding priority education and 18.5% in the private sector under contract. In college, the latter educates 56% of students of privileged social origin, against 32% in the public.
Same observation regarding the school level. Year 6 entry assessmentse show, for example, that more than half of REP+ students are in the two groups with the lowest level in French, while only 13% are in the two best groups. In the public excluding priority education, these figures are respectively 26% and 34%; 17% and 46% in the private sector.
A segmentation whose effects are measured at the end of the 3e. According to figures posted on Wednesday, almost 95% of REP+ colleges are among the quarter of establishments with the lowest averages in writing for the patent, when 60% of those in the private sector are in the quarter with the highest averages. .
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